Andrew Hamilton

Konkle, B. A. (1941). The life of Andrew Hamilton, 1676-1741: “The day-star of the American Revolution.” Philadelphia, PA: National Publishing Company.

Levy, L. W. (Ed.). Freedom of the press from Zenger to Jefferson: Early American libertarian theories. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill Co.

Lewis, W. (1981, April). Andrew Hamilton and the he-monster. The William and Mary Quarterly, 38(2), 268-294.

Nix, F. C. (1964, July). Andrew Hamilton’s early years in the American colonies. The William and Mary Quarterly, 21(3), 390-407.

Van Gerpen, M. (1979). Privileged communication and the press: The citizen’s right to know versus the law’s right to confidential news source evidence. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.


Benjamin Chew

Allen, W., Chew, B., Kimball, D. A., & Quinn, M. (1966, April). William Allen – Benjamin Chew correspondence, 1763-1764. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 90(2), 202-226.

Jones, E. A., & Taft, W. H. (1924). American members of the Inns of Court. London, UK: Saint Catherine Press.

Konkle, B. A. (1932). Benjamin Chew 1722-1810: Head of the Pennsylvania judiciary system under colony and commonwealth. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Richards, N. E. (n.d.). Benjamin Chew’s receipt book 1770-1809. Philadelphia, PA: Cliveden of the National Trust.

Richards, N. E. (1996). The city home of Benjamin Chew, Sr., and his family: A case study of the textures of life. Philadelphia, PA: Cliveden of the National Trust.

Stockdale, E., & Holland, R. J. (2007). Middle Temple lawyers and the American Revolution. Eagan, MN: Thomson West.

Watson, J. F. (1887). Annals of Philadelphia, and Pennsylvania, in the olden time; being a collection of memoirs, anecdotes, and incidents of the city and its inhabitants, and of the earliest settlements of the inland part of Pennsylvania (Vol. 3). Philadelphia, PA: Edwin S. Stuart.


Benjamin Chew’s Family

Futhey, J. S., & Cope, G. (1995). History of Chester County, Pennsylvania: With genealogical and biographical sketches (Vol. 1). Berwyn Heights, MD: Heritage Books.

Green, J. L. (2004). Cliveden: Legacy of the Chew women of Germantown. West Chester, PA: West Chester University.

Historical Society of the University of Pennsylvania. (2009). Cliveden chronology. Retrieved from

Historical Society of the University of Pennsylvania. (2009). Collection #2050: Chew family papers. Retrieved from

Jordan, J. W. (1911). Colonial and revolutionary families of Pennsylvania: Genealogical and personal memoirs (Vol. 1-2). New York, NY: Lewis Publishing Company.

Kantrow, L. (1980, March). Philadelphia gentry: Fertility and family limitation among an American aristocracy. Population Studies, 34(1), 21-30.

National Endowment for the Humanities. (n.d.) Sample application narrative: Preservation and Access Grants: Institution: Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Retrieved from

Wolf, S. G. (1993). As various as their land: The everyday lives of 18th century Americans. New York, NY: HarperCollins.

Wolf, S. G. (1976). Urban village: Population, community, and family structure in Germantown, Pennsylvania, 1638-1800. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.



Moss, R. W. (1998). Historic houses of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Richards, N. E. (1993). Cliveden: The Chew Mansion in Germantown. Philadelphia, PA: Cliveden of the National Trust.

Wolf II, E. (1983). Germantown and the Germans: An exhibition of books, manuscripts, prints and photographs from the collections of the Library Company of Philadelphia and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA: Library Company of Philadelphia.


Enslaved Workers

Leahy, K. (2003, Summer). Invisible hands: Slaves and servants of the Chew family. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts.

Nash, G. B. (1989, April). New light on Richard Allen: The early years of freedom. The William and Mary Quarterly, 46(2), 332-340.

Nash, G. B. (1973, April). Slaves and slaveowners in colonial Philadelphia. The William and Mary Quarterly, 30(2), 223-256.

Williams, W. H. (1996). Slavery and freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865. Wilmington, DE: SR Books.


Free Speech

Curtis, M. K. (2000). Free speech, “the people’s daring privilege”: Struggles for freedom of expression in American history. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hagans, W. G. (2007, Summer). Why does the first amendment protect?: Why the plaintiff should bear the burden of proof in any defamation action. Review of Litigation, 26(3), 613-640.

Williams, P. J. (2006, October 30). Warlords of the first amendment. The Nation, 283(14), 9.



Allen, T. B. (2010). Tories: Fighting for the king in America’s first civil war. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Beeman, R. (2010). Plain, Honest men: The making of the American Constitution. New York: Random House.

Bowen, C. D. (1966). Miracle at Philadelphia: The story of the Constitutional Convention May to September 1787. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company.

Brobeck, S. (1976, July). Revolutionary change in colonial Philadelphia: The brief life of the proprietary gentry. The William and Mary Quarterly, 33(3), 410-434.

Fukuyama, F. (2011). The origins of political order: From prehuman times to the French Revolution. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

McDonald, F. (1985). Novus ordo seclorum: The intellectual origins of the Constitution. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas.

Warden, G. B. (1964, July). The proprietary group in Pennsylvania, 1754-1764. The Wiliam and Mary Quarterly, 21(3), 367-389.


Mason-Dixon Line

Conway, T. (2011, January). Map quest: Tracing the Mason-Dixon Line’s uncertain path through Chester County. Main Line Today, 16(1), 60-1, 134-5.

Cope, T. D. (n.d.). Collecting source material about Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania.

Pynchon, T. (1997). Mason & Dixon: A novel. New York, NY: Picador.



Lippincott, H. M. (1917). Early Philadelphia: Its people, life and progress. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott Company.

Nash, G. B. (1977, November). Up from the bottom in Franklin’s Philadelphia. Past & Present, 77, 57-83.

Snyder, M. P. (1975). City of independence: Views of Philadelphia before 1800. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers.


William Penn

Hamm, T. D. (Ed.). (2010). Quaker writings: An anthology, 1650-1920. New York, NY: Penguin Books

Myers, A. C. (Ed.). (1970). William Penn’s own account of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians. Moorestown, NJ: Middle Atlantic Press.

Trese, L. (2002). The storm gathering: The Penn family and the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books.